Göteborg – the Swedish name of Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden (after Stockholm) and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
It is located on the west coast, in Southwestern Sweden, approximately half way between the capitals Copenhagen in Denmark and Oslo in Norway.
Its location at the mouth of the river Göta älv, which feeds into Kattegatt, an arm of the North Sea, has helped the city grow in significance as a trading city.
The archipelago of Gothenburg consists of rough, barren rocks and cliffs, which also is typical for the coast of Bohuslän.
Despite its high northern latitude, temperatures are quite mild throughout the year and much warmer than places in similar latitude, or even somewhat further south, mainly because of the moderating influence of the warm Gulf Stream.
Gothenburg is home to many students, as the city includes both the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. Volvo Cars was also founded in Gothenburg in 1927.
The city is a major centre in Sweden for sports and home to the celebrated IFK Göteborg, GAIS (Göteborgs Atlet- och Idrottsklubb, perhaps less celebrated but dearly loved by the citys inhabitants) football team and the Frölunda Indians ice hockey team among others.
Gothenburg is served by Landvetter International Airport, located 30 km (18.64 mi) southeast of the city centre.
It is the second largest hub in Sweden after Arlanda International Airport north of Stockholm.
Gothenburg is a gateway to the Western Archipelago, with its peerless isles and barren grey skerries and they are easily accessible by boat from the city.
With around 20,000 sailboats and yachts scattered about the city, sailing is a popular sports activity in the region, particularly because of the nearby Gothenburg Archipelago.